Mehmed II or Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (born on 30 March 1432 and died on 3 May 1481) also known as Fatih Sultan Mehmet was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire twice, first for a short time from 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to 1481.
At the age of 21, he conquered Constantinople and brought an end to the Byzantine Empire, transforming the Ottoman state into an empire. Mehmed continued his conquests in Asia, with the Anatolian reunification, and in Europe, as far as Bosnia and Croatia. Mehmed II is regarded as a national hero in Turkey, and among other things, Istanbul’s Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, and Fatih University and Fatih College are all named after him.
The Arabic inscription on the sword of Mehmed the Conqueror sword read as follows:
“In the name of Allah, the compassionate, the merciful. May authority be fortunate to Allah, the Almighty, who strengthens the braces of religion with gleaming and clear worded verses and sharp and lurid blades. May Salaat and Salam told in the most beautiful and fluent words be upon Prophet Mohammed and his Ahl-e Bayt. My Allah! Give power and strength to Mehmed Khan, the son of Sultan Murad Khan who is the sharpest sword drawn for the Crusades, the sultan of veterans and mujahids who struggled to praise the seniors of religion, and place the mercy of his sword’s sheath on the necks of the enemies of sharia and the ink of his pen on the God of universes. He, is Mehmed Khan, the son of Sultan Osman Khan, the son of Orhan Khan, the son of Bayezid Khan. May Allah water the soil on their graves with the cool and sweet waters flowing from the swords of veterans and may He allow the heavens under the shadow of swords their abode. Amin, Ya Rabbelal”